• Obstacles to movement in the West Bank remain at 625, the same number as in the previous reporting period. In total, the figure of 625 represents an increase of 249 obstacles (66.2%) compared to the initial value (376) of August 2005. Goods. Under the agreement, the goods will only enter the Gaza Strip through Kerem Shalom, where they will be inspected by Israel. This procedure is motivated by both security and economic concerns. Israel is trying to prevent arms smuggling by controlling the transfer of cargo. In addition, both sides are working to maintain the Israeli-Palestinian customs union, as defined in the 1994 Paris Protocol of the Oslo Accords. The Palestinians want the customs union to continue above all to guarantee free access to the Israeli market and Israel wants to ensure that the rules and taxes of the customs union will remain intact. At Kerem Shalom, there will be a new common customs crossing where Palestinian customs officers would work under the supervision of Israeli government officials to carry out all incoming cargoes. The United Nations will transmit the 77th bi-annual report on the implementation of the Convention on Movement and Access of 15 November 2005 (WADA)1 for the period from 15 to 28 October 208 (Annex) 2.
Given the closure of Gaza, this report also monitors movement and access through other crossings not included in WADA. On November 25, Palestinians celebrated the opening of their first self-managed external crossing, the Rafah crossing, which separates the Gaza Strip from Egypt. After months of negotiations, Israel and the Palestinian Authority (PA) concluded on November 15 the Movement and Access Agreement, which governs the flow of people and goods to and from the Gaza Strip. The withdrawal of Isreal from the entire Gaza Strip, including the border with Egypt, necessited an agreement on border crossings. The agreement was reached through extensive mediation by the Quartet`s special envoy, James Wolfensohn, and, in the final phase, through the unprecedented participation of US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice. The agreement is an attempt to reconcile Israeli security concerns with Palestinian political, humanitarian and economic concerns. The Israeli role. Israel will be able to raise concerns or demand refusal to enter with respect to certain people or bags arriving in the Gaza Strip via Rafah, but Israel will not have veto power. The PA must review the Israeli position, consult israel and the EU before making its final decision in individual cases, and explain its decision. While conducting their own investigations or meeting the consultative requirements of the agreement, Palestinian border guards attempting to cross Rafah may suspect people trying to cross Rafah for up to six hours.
Trade of goods between Israel and the PA. The agreement describes the development of the Karni crossing in the northern Gaza Strip as Israel`s main access and movement point and as a model for other crossings in Gaza (such as Erez) and the West Bank. . . .